Quick Answer: Can A Foreign Key Not Be A Primary Key?

Does foreign key always refer to primary key?

A foreign key can reference a unique constraint rather than a primary key.

However this is not standard practice.

It is the convention to use unique keys to enforce candidate keys – business keys – and these are not always suitable for use as foreign keys..

How do I change primary key value?

When you find it necessary to update a primary key value as well as all matching foreign keys, then the entire design needs to be fixed….For example, if using SSMS as GUI:right click on the key.select Modify.Fold out ‘INSERT And UPDATE Specific’For ‘Update Rule’, select Cascade.Close the dialog and save the key.

Why foreign keys are not redundant?

Primary and foreign keys are a way in which to constrain related data together to ensure data in your database remains consistent and to ensure no redundant data is in the database as a result of deleting a table or row in one table that affects data in other tables that may perhaps rely on that information.

Can we update primary key in mysql?

3 Answers. Next time, use a single “alter table” statement to update the primary key. alter table xx drop primary key, add primary key(k1, k2, k3);

How do you identify a primary key?

Primary Keys The primary key consists of one or more columns whose data contained within are used to uniquely identify each row in the table. You can think of them as an address. If the rows in a table were mailboxes, then the primary key would be the listing of street addresses.

Can foreign key be repeated?

Short answer: Yes, it can be NULL or duplicate. I want to explain why a foreign key might need to be null or might need to be unique or not unique. First remember a Foreign key simply requires that the value in that field must exist first in a different table (the parent table). … Null by definition is not a value.

Can we create foreign key on same table?

FOREIGN KEY constraints can reference another column in the same table, and is referred to as a self-reference. A FOREIGN KEY constraint specified at the column level can list only one reference column. This column must have the same data type as the column on which the constraint is defined.

Can foreign key be not unique?

InnoDB allows a foreign key constraint to reference a non-unique key. This is an InnoDB extension to standard SQL. However, there is a pratical reason to avoid foreign keys on non-unique columns of referenced table. … You are advised to use foreign keys that reference only UNIQUE (including PRIMARY) and NOT NULL keys.

How many foreign keys can exist in a table?

253A table can reference a maximum of 253 other tables and columns as foreign keys (Outgoing Foreign Key References).

Can a table have 2 foreign keys?

A table may have multiple foreign keys, and each foreign key can have a different parent table. Each foreign key is enforced independently by the database system. Therefore, cascading relationships between tables can be established using foreign keys.

Is foreign key unique?

A foreign key is a column or group of columns in a relational database table that provides a link between data in two tables. It uniquely identifies a record in the relational database table. It refers to the field in a table which is the primary key of another table. Only one primary key is allowed in a table.

Can a table have 3 primary keys?

A column (or a set of columns) whose value exists and is unique for every record in a table is called a primary key. Important: Each table can have one and only one primary key. In one table, you cannot have 3 or 4 primary keys.

Can primary key and foreign key have same name?

To facilitate keeping key variable names consistent, and to provide for programs that do natural joins, foreign keys have the same name as is used in the table in which they are the primary key.

Is it mandatory for a foreign key to be a primary key in another table?

A FOREIGN KEY constraint does not have to be linked only to a PRIMARY KEY constraint in another table; it can also be defined to reference the columns of a UNIQUE constraint in another table. So in your case if you make AnotherID unique, it will be allowed.

Can a table have 2 primary keys?

The PRIMARY KEY constraint uniquely identifies each record in a table. Primary keys must contain UNIQUE values, and cannot contain NULL values. A table can have only ONE primary key; and in the table, this primary key can consist of single or multiple columns (fields).

Can we join two tables without primary key?

Table1: Order; Column Name: Id (PK), SecurutyId, UserId. ** But no foreign key in this table. Table2: Security; Column Name: Id (PK), SecurutyId (FK), Symbol.

Can a column be a primary key and a foreign key?

In a foreign key reference, a link is created between two tables when the column or columns that hold the primary key value for one table are referenced by the column or columns in another table. This column becomes a foreign key in the second table.

Why do we need a primary key?

A primary key is a table column that serves a special purpose. Each database table needs a primary key because it ensures row-level accessibility. … The values that compose a primary key column are unique; no two values are the same. Each table has one and only one primary key, which can consist of one or many columns.

How do I find my super key?

Super Key: The set of attributes which can uniquely identify a tuple is known as Super Key. For Example, STUD_NO, (STUD_NO, STUD_NAME) etc. Adding zero or more attributes to candidate key generates super key. A candidate key is a super key but vice versa is not true.

Should all tables have a primary key?

It is a good practice to have a PK on every table, but it’s not a MUST. … “PRIMARY KEY constraints identify the column or set of columns that have values that uniquely identify a row in a table. No two rows in a table can have the same primary key value. You cannot enter NULL for any column in a primary key.

Can a table have both primary key and composite key?

A table can have only one primary key, which may consist of single or multiple fields. When multiple fields are used as a primary key, they are called a composite key. If a table has a primary key defined on any field(s), then you cannot have two records having the same value of that field(s).

What is difference between primary key and foreign key?

Primary key is used to identify data uniquely therefore two rows can’t have the same primary key. It can’t be null. On the other hand, foreign key is used to maintain relationship between two tables. Primary of a table act as forgein key in the other table.

What is primary key and foreign key with example?

A FOREIGN KEY is a key used to link two tables together. A FOREIGN KEY is a field (or collection of fields) in one table that refers to the PRIMARY KEY in another table. … The “PersonID” column in the “Persons” table is the PRIMARY KEY in the “Persons” table.

Can we set foreign key as null?

A foreign key makes its table dependent on another table called a parent table. … A foreign key containing null values cannot match the values of a parent key, since a parent key by definition can have no null values. However, a null foreign key value is always valid, regardless of the value of any of its non-null parts.

Can two foreign keys reference the same primary key?

It is perfectly fine to have two foreign key columns referencing the same primary key column in a different table since each foreign key value will reference a different record in the related table.

Can a foreign key be a primary key?

Primary keys always need to be unique, foreign keys need to allow non-unique values if the table is a one-to-many relationship. It is perfectly fine to use a foreign key as the primary key if the table is connected by a one-to-one relationship, not a one-to-many relationship.

How do I change a foreign key to a primary key?

Open table in design mode.Click Relationship button from top toolbar.Select the required FK relations (one by one)Right Side – Expand INSERT or UPDATE Specification.Change the UPDATE Rule to – Cascade.