- How is shutdown price calculated?
- When should a firm exit in the long run?
- How does a firm maximize profit?
- Under what conditions will a firm shut down temporarily?
- What is a shut down rule?
- What is shut down cost?
- How do you determine if a firm should shut down?
- What is break even and shut down point?
- What is a profit maximization rule?
How is shutdown price calculated?
A business needs to make at least normal profit in the long run to justify remaining in an industry but in the short run a firm will produce as long as price per unit > or equal to average variable cost (AR = AVC).
This is called the shutdown price in a competitive market..
When should a firm exit in the long run?
In the long run, when the firm can recover both fixed and variable costs, it will choose to exit if the price is less than average total cost. In a market with free entry and exit, profits are driven to zero in the long run and all firms produce at the efficient scale.
How does a firm maximize profit?
A firm maximizes profit by operating where marginal revenue equals marginal cost. In the short run, a change in fixed costs has no effect on the profit maximizing output or price. The firm merely treats short term fixed costs as sunk costs and continues to operate as before. This can be confirmed graphically.
Under what conditions will a firm shut down temporarily?
In the short run, when a firm cannot recover its fixed costs, the firm will choose to shut down temporarily if the price of the good is less than average variable cost. In the long run, when the firm can recover both fixed and variable costs, it will choose to exit if the price is less than average total cost.
What is a shut down rule?
Conventionally stated, the shutdown rule is: “in the short run a firm should continue to operate if price equals or exceeds average variable costs.” Restated, the rule is that to produce in the short run a firm must earn sufficient revenue to cover its variable costs. The rationale for the rule is straightforward.
What is shut down cost?
The price of a product below which it is cheaper for a company not to make the product than to continue to sell it. That is, the shut-down price is the price at which the company will begin to lose money for making the product.
How do you determine if a firm should shut down?
When determining whether to shutdown a firm has to compare the total revenue to the total variable costs. If the revenue the firm is making is greater than the variable cost (R>VC) then the firm is covering it’s variable costs and there is additional revenue to partially or entirely cover the fixed costs.
What is break even and shut down point?
As seen previously, the break even point is the point where the marginal cost (MC) equals the average total cost (ATC). The shut-down point of production, on the other hand, is the price at which the the marginal cost does not even cover the average variable cost (ATC).
What is a profit maximization rule?
Profit Maximization Rule Definition The Profit Maximization Rule states that if a firm chooses to maximize its profits, it must choose that level of output where Marginal Cost (MC) is equal to Marginal Revenue (MR) and the Marginal Cost curve is rising. In other words, it must produce at a level where MC = MR.