What Is Object Oriented Programming Explain The Characteristics And Advantages Of OOPs In Detail?

What is object oriented programming and its characteristics?

1) Objects are basic building blocks for designing programs.

2) An object is a collection of data members and associated member functions.

3) An object may represent a person, place or a table of data.

4) Each object is identified by a unique name.

Each object must be a member of a particular class..

What are the advantages of object oriented programming?

4 Advantages of Object-Oriented ProgrammingModularity for easier troubleshooting. Something has gone wrong, and you have no idea where to look. … Reuse of code through inheritance. Suppose that in addition to your Car object, one colleague needs a RaceCar object, and another needs a Limousine object. … Flexibility through polymorphism. … Effective problem solving.

What are the advantages of OOP in C++?

Let’s see what are the advantages of OOP offers to its users.Re-usability. It means reusing some facilities rather than building it again and again. … Data Redundancy. … Code Maintenance. … Security. … Design Benefits. … Better productivity. … Easy troubleshooting. … Polymorphism Flexibility.More items…

What is polymorphism in object oriented programming?

Polymorphism is the ability of an object to take on many forms. The most common use of polymorphism in OOP occurs when a parent class reference is used to refer to a child class object. Any Java object that can pass more than one IS-A test is considered to be polymorphic.

What are the basic characteristics of the object oriented approach?

Features of Object-Oriented SystemEncapsulation. Encapsulation is a process of information hiding. … Abstraction. … Relationships. … Inheritance. … Polymorphism and Dynamic Binding. … Example of UML Notation for class.Instance diagram-UML notation. … Object-Oriented Analysis.More items…

What are the five features of object oriented programming?

Features of OOPs:Classes.Objects.Data Abstraction.Encapsulation.Inheritance.Polymorphism.

What are the four basic concepts of object oriented programming?

Object-oriented programming has four basic concepts: encapsulation, abstraction, inheritance and polymorphism.

What is Oops concept with example?

OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING (OOP) is a programming concept that works on the principles of abstraction, encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism. … The basic concept of OOPs is to create objects, re-use them throughout the program, and manipulate these objects to get results.

How are data and functions organized in an object oriented program?

OOP programs are organized around objects, which contain data and functions that operate on that data. A class is a template for a number of objects. The object is an instance of a class. The major features of OOP are data abstraction, data encapsulation, inheritance and polymorphism.

What is class explain with example?

Object − Objects have states and behaviors. Example: A dog has states – color, name, breed as well as behaviors – wagging the tail, barking, eating. An object is an instance of a class. Class − A class can be defined as a template/blueprint that describes the behavior/state that the object of its type support.

What are the three fundamental features of an object oriented programming language?

Encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism are usually given as the three fundamental principles of object-oriented languages (OOLs) and object-oriented methodology. These principles depend somewhat on the type of the language.

What are the features of procedure oriented programming?

Characteristics of procedure-oriented programming language:It emphasis on algorithm (doing this ).Large programs are divided into smaller programs known as functions.Function can communicate by global variable.Data move freely from one function to another function.More items…•

What is the meaning of object oriented programming?

OOP stands for Object-Oriented Programming. Procedural programming is about writing procedures or functions that perform operations on the data, while object-oriented programming is about creating objects that contain both data and functions. … OOP provides a clear structure for the programs.

What do you mean by Oops discuss the various features of OOPS?

Features of OOPS. OOPS consists of the following features: Encapsulation: Encapsulation means that the unnecessary details of an object are hidden from the user but user can access the essential details which are required at a specific time. … In the class all the attributes of the objects of the classes are defined.

What are the applications of object oriented programming?

Main application areas of OOP are:User interface design such as windows, menu.Real Time Systems.Simulation and Modeling.Object oriented databases.AI and Expert System.Neural Networks and parallel programming.Decision support and office automation systems etc.