What Is The Definition Of Epilepsy?

What are the 3 types of seizures?

These words are used to describe generalized seizures:Tonic: Muscles in the body become stiff.Atonic: Muscles in the body relax.Myoclonic: Short jerking in parts of the body.Clonic: Periods of shaking or jerking parts on the body..

Does epilepsy change your personality?

When epilepsy affects you for long periods, you may notice changes in your behavior, your feelings, and in how you see the world. Feelings of depression or anxiety are especially common. A few people with epilepsy experience psychosis (losing contact with reality).

How can epilepsy be prevented?

These are some of the most common ways to reduce your chances of developing epilepsy:Prevent traumatic brain injuries. … Lower the chances of stroke and heart disease. … Get vaccinated. … Wash your hands and prepare food safely. … Stay healthy during your pregnancy.

What foods should you avoid if you have epilepsy?

white bread; non-wholegrain cereals; biscuits and cakes; honey; high-sugar drinks and foods; fruit juices; chips; mashed potatoes; parsnips; dates and watermelon. In general, processed or overcooked foods and over-ripe fruits.

Is epilepsy classed as a disability?

Epilepsy is a physical, long-term condition and people with epilepsy are protected under the Equality Act, even if their seizures are controlled or if they don’t consider themselves to be ‘disabled’.

Can epilepsy be cured?

There’s no cure for epilepsy, but early treatment can make a big difference. Uncontrolled or prolonged seizures can lead to brain damage.

Is epilepsy a mental illness?

Epilepsy is not a mental illness. In fact, the vast majority of people living with epilepsy have no cognitive or psychological problem.

How does a person with epilepsy behave?

Importance of Mood Disorders Some people become depressed, others may be irritable. The most common mood disorders in people with epilepsy are major depression and dysthymia. Some people have milder forms of depression that may also affect quality of life and respond to treatment.

Why is epilepsy not curable?

Today, most epilepsy is treated with medication. Drugs do not cure epilepsy, but they can often control seizures very well. About 80% of people with epilepsy today have their seizures controlled by medication at least some of the time. Of course, that means that 20% of people with epilepsy are not helped by medication.

What causes epilepsy?

In general, epilepsy and seizures result from abnormal circuit activity in the brain. Any event ranging from faulty wiring during brain development, brain inflammation, physical injury or infection can lead to seizure and epilepsy.

Does epilepsy go away?

It isn’t common for epilepsy to go away on its own. Long-term, recurring seizures usually can be controlled with treatment, which often includes taking medication. About 70 percent of people with epilepsy can control their seizures with medications or surgery.

Can we marry a epilepsy person?

There is no reason why an epileptic person cannot get married and have children and lead a normal life. However, correct diagnosis is required as there are several kinds of epileptic seizures. Proper medication and precautions need to be taken though.

What to do after someone has a seizure?

These are general steps to help someone who is having any type seizure:Stay with the person until the seizure ends and he or she is fully awake. … Comfort the person and speak calmly.Check to see if the person is wearing a medical bracelet or other emergency information.Keep yourself and other people calm.More items…

What are the 3 main phases of a seizure?

Seizures take on many different forms and have a beginning (prodrome and aura), middle (ictal) and end (post-ictal) stage.

Can you remember a seizure?

However, some people, although fully aware of what’s going on, find they can’t speak or move until the seizure is over. They remain awake and aware throughout. Sometimes they can talk quite normally to other people during the seizure. And they can usually remember exactly what happened to them while it was going on.

How many types of epilepsy are there?

There are about a dozen types of epilepsy, and the type you have plays a role in which kind of seizure you may have. There are two major types of seizures: Focal seizures: These start in a particular part of your brain, and their names are based on the part where they happen.

How is epilepsy diagnosed?

Tests for epilepsy The specialist may suggest having a test to check your brain activity called an electroencephalogram (EEG), or a brain scan to look for any problem in your brain. But if these tests do not show anything, it’s still possible you have epilepsy, and you may be diagnosed just based on your symptoms.

Is epilepsy a rare disease?

Viewed across the entire spectrum, epilepsy is not rare: It is more common than autism, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and cerebral palsy combined. It affects 3 million people in the U.S. One in 26 people will develop epilepsy at some point in their lifetime.

What is another name for a seizure episode?

Convulsion: An older term for a tonic-clonic seizure. Convulsive syncope: A fainting episode in which the brain does not receive enough blood, causing a seizure; the episode is not an epileptic seizure, but a result of the faint.

How long do people with epilepsy live?

Reduction in life expectancy can be up to 2 years for people with a diagnosis of idiopathic/cryptogenic epilepsy, and the reduction can be up to 10 years in people with symptomatic epilepsy. Reductions in life expectancy are highest at the time of diagnosis and diminish with time.

Does epilepsy worsen with age?

Factors affecting prognosis Other factors that can affect your overall prognosis include: Age: Adults over the age of 60 may experience an increased risk for epileptic seizures, as well as related complications. Family history: Epilepsy is often genetic.

Can anxiety cause seizures?

Research Shows Anxiety-Induced Seizures Can Resemble Epilepsy. Although epilepsy is one of the most common causes of seizures, it’s not the only cause. Extreme emotional states can give rise to seizures.

What is the medical term for epilepsy?

Epilepsy (seizure disorder): When nerve cells in the brain fire electrical impulses at a rate of up to four times higher than normal, this causes a sort of electrical storm in the brain, known as a seizure. A pattern of repeated seizures is referred to as epilepsy.

What is another name for epilepsy?

Seizure disorderEpilepsyOther namesSeizure disorderGeneralized 3 Hz spike-and-wave discharges on an electroencephalogramSpecialtyNeurologySymptomsPeriods of vigorous shaking, nearly undetectable spells9 more rows

What are signs of a seizure coming on?

Seizure signs and symptoms may include:Temporary confusion.A staring spell.Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs.Loss of consciousness or awareness.Cognitive or emotional symptoms, such as fear, anxiety or deja vu.

What are the first signs of a seizure?

General symptoms or warning signs of a seizure can include:Staring.Jerking movements of the arms and legs.Stiffening of the body.Loss of consciousness.Breathing problems or stopping breathing.Loss of bowel or bladder control.Falling suddenly for no apparent reason, especially when associated with loss of consciousness.More items…

What are the 4 types of seizures?

Types of Generalized-Onset SeizuresAbsence Seizures (“Petit Mal Seizures”) … Myoclonic seizures. … Tonic and Atonic Seizures (“Drop Attacks”) … Tonic, Clonic and Tonic-Clonic (Formerly called Grand Mal) Seizures.

Can you get epilepsy from stress?

The reason is that all of these situations change your brain’s excitability. Your brain is very sensitive to these changes, and if there is a big enough change from normal, you may begin to have a seizure. Emotional stress also can lead to seizures.

Is epilepsy inherited?

Some types of epilepsy run in families and are both inherited and genetic. Not all epilepsies that are due to genetic causes are inherited. In general, if a person’s mother, father or sibling has epilepsy, their risk of developing epilepsy by the age of 40 is less than 1 in 20.

What happens during epilepsy?

During a seizure, there are bursts of electrical activity in your brain, sort of like an electrical storm. This activity causes different symptoms depending on the type of seizure and what part of the brain is involved. Seizures can take on many different forms and affect different people in different ways.

What is the difference between a seizure and epilepsy?

A seizure is a single occurrence, whereas epilepsy is a neurological condition characterized by two or more unprovoked seizures.

Is it OK to sleep after a seizure?

Some people recover quickly from a tonic clonic seizure but often they will be very tired, want to sleep and may not feel back to normal for several hours or sometimes days. Most people’s seizures will stop on their own and the person will not need any medical help.

What is a Jacksonian seizure?

A Jacksonian seizure is a type of focal partial seizure, also known as a simple partial seizure. This means the seizure is caused by unusual electrical activity that affects only a small area of the brain. The person maintains awareness during the seizure. Jacksonian seizures are also known as a Jacksonian march.